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meaning of competitive price
meaning of competitive price

As a hotelier, you must always stay proactive when it comes to pricing your hotel rooms. It is also vital for you to capture real-time data and follow the current market trends. It will help in keep maintaining an optimal pricing model for your hotel. Next, you need to evaluate the price you have set and determine whether it is in line with your customers’ purchasing power. So if the price is too high, customers may not be able to afford it, and if the price is too low, you may not be able to cover your costs.

For example, someone will start a cloth selling business in the market only when the market is able to pay profits. There are unique characteristics of Competitive markets which make them different from other markets. The basic feature of a competitive market is to ensure the continuous demand and supply in the entire market. Unlike oligopoly and monopoly markets, a competitive market is open for everyone.

For international markets, pricing is one of the most important elements of marketing product mix, generates cash and determines a company’s survival. This blog post sheds light on international pricing strategies in a global marketing environment. Advantages of price leadership, reducing price wars is a significant one. A market having organizations of the same size is bound to witness price clashes as competitors look to increase their respective market shares.


On the other hand, buyers also play a role in determining the value of the product by weighing the benefits of purchasing. It is against the costs of forgoing other purchases or retaining their money. Products have to be distributed through the most appropriate channels and priced according to local market environment conditions.

  • A competitive market provides fertile soil in which entrepreneurs can flourish.
  • As the name suggests, competitive pricing is meant to drive consumers away from competitors and towards your unique brand offering.
  • ♦ Affordability / Social welfare – In case of essential commodities, prices are set in such a way that all sections of people in the society can afford it.
  • There is a possibility of two entities exercising dominance at the same time.
  • When purchasing a more basic model, the price usually starts off lower and rises as the product’s quality improves.
  • Penetrating the market with an exceptionally low-priced item creates a broad customer base.

Let us see all the product Pricing Strategies one by one to get a clear idea. It seems that the nuances of perfect competition build from this, but to explain it, there is an example or two to do so. For example, if you ever go to a picnic with your family, you will have to pay at different points like souvenirs and food.

Skimming pricing strategy

The newer pricing forced other networks to change their pricing again to match JIO’s rates to retain their remaining market shares. The marketed surplus is more than the marketable surplus when the farmer retains a smaller quantity of the crop than his actual requirements for family and farm needs. This is true especially for small and marginal farmers, whose need for cash is more pressing and immediate. This situation of selling more than the marketable surplus is termed as distress or forced sale. Such farmers generally buy the produce from the market in a later period to meet their family and/or farm requirements.

♦ EDLP – Retail stores offer low prices to customers every day in comparison with competitors to promote sales and increase footfall without any special occasion, event or discount. ♦ Value based pricing – Seller sets the prices according to the value perceived by the customer of the product/service. ♦ Going rate or parity pricing – Price is determined on the basis of price of competitor’s product price is set similar to the price of competitor’s product. ♦ Penetration Pricing – The product is introduced at low prices initially and the price is increased subsequently with increase in demand and market share. Commonly used in the luxury market, cars by Mercedes Benz utilize this approach. While they may combine competitive pricing strategies with their premium pricing plan, depending on the market, they are known for their exquisite collection of cars.

Marketing functions such as transportation, storage, financing and dissemination of market information, have a great bearing on the type of market structure. Recent policy encourages group marketing or operation of producer groups and this is likely to reduce the number of buyers and/or sellers actually taking part in marketing functions. Government policies with regard to purchases, sales and subsidies affect the performance of market functions. The market structure should keep on adjusting to the changes in costs and government policy.

But these companies have a prestigious reputation for high-quality products and customer service. People from different cultures have different tastes, buy different products and respond in different ways to the same service or product. Therefore, the demographic structure of a foreign market should be considered. The aging of the population in major western markets, and the increase in population in several countries such as India and China, is another continuing development that will affect international marketing.

It’s the exchange value of a product or service, which represents its worth in the market. The price of a product or service is decided by various factors. Such as the cost of production, target market, and competition. They launched the network by offering free calls and internet to its users. In an age where people rationed their data usage, JIO offered unlimited data daily.

Competitive markets allow the business to make strict as well as ideal margins. A competitive market provides consumers with different options for similar products. This may even change the product price even with a small amount and may cause reduction in the sales. Businesses use penetration pricing as a marketing tactic to attract customers to a new product or service by offering a lower price during its initial release.

meaning of competitive price

A dominant model is one that involves a dominant organization that controls the majority of the market share. It is surrounded by smaller businesses that try to compete with their products and prices, allowing the big one to enjoy a partial monopoly. The dominant firm has the liberty to set a lower rate according to supply and demand and smaller firms have to follow to save their market share. However, if prices are lowered to unsustainable levels to kill the competition then it might be considered illegal. As the name suggests, competitive pricing is meant to drive consumers away from competitors and towards your unique brand offering. Instead of increasing the prices later on, like penetration pricing, the competitive pricing model continues to adapt according to the change in competitor pricing strategies.

Oligopoly is defined as a market dominated by a small group of large sellers. The players might either form collusion to reduce competition and increase the price for the end customer in case of cartels. Or they might compete heavily with each other which might lead to a price war in the case of the Telecom sector in India. In perfect competition, prices are controlled by the market forces completely, without giving much ado about the other factors that may affect the same. A competitive market allows the entrepreneurs to take risks, innovate and create new products. While entrepreneurs enjoy the benefit of monetary compensation, the entire nation enjoys the fruits of economic and wealth creation.

He was just in time to get the value from his investments before the beginning of the Great Depression when all those stocks lost all their value. Usually, the higher the number of people wanting to buy something, higher will be the number of people wanting to provide it. So unless you are the first or one of the pioneers, you have to stand out of a crowd and keep walking tall for the rest of your business life.


A telecom company requests that a government enact cumbersome industry regulations that make it almost impossible for small competitors to challenge them. A country sets up obscure proprietary standards for a wide range of products to make it difficult meaning of competitive price for foreign exports to comply with local regulations. They will then offer you the matched price and work with you to close the purchase. The price acts as a mechanism for negotiations between individuals with goods, services, or money to trade.

Marketing Mix – Price/Pricing – Methods, Strategies, Importance

In most regulated markets, brokers do not play any role because goods are sold by open auction. But they still play a valuable role in the marketing of other agricultural commodities, such as gur, sugar, edible oil, cotton seed and chillies. The demand for various products, especially in terms of form and quality, keeps on changing because of change in incomes, the pattern of distribution among consumers, and changes in their tastes and habits. The market structure should be re-oriented to keep it in harmony with the changes in demand. Significant changes occur in the production pattern because of technological, economic and institutional factors.

If products are homogeneous, the price variations in the market will not be wide. When products are heterogeneous, firms have the tendency to charge different prices for their products. Everyone tries to prove that his product is superior to the products of others. Consumer products usually see high levels of competition, especially in the international market. As an exporter, you will also compete with local brands of a particular country and its economic conditions.

What your competitors are doing or offering is one of the foremost things that you need to take care of to compete in the market. For that reason, you constantly need to monitor your competitors’ room rates and understand their pricing strategy. Keep in mind to compare that with your room rates to get a clear idea of how the market is trending. In this article, you’ll know why as we discuss the most effective pricing strategies you can apply to boost your property’s revenue and stay competitive. However, there’s no one right answer when it comes to pricing strategies in the hospitality industry. That’s because the price you charge depends on a variety of factors.

By that time, a vast consumer share is already acquired by your brand. While the risk involved is generating close to zero profit initially, if your product offers uncompromised value, more people will continue to buy. This is the process of launching your business offering at a premium rate before gradually reducing the prices as time progresses.